The recent studies done by the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) stated that there has been a 73 percent reduction in the HIV incidence or yearly new infection. The rate of Human Immunodeficiency Virus in the U.S was at a peak since the mid-1980s, according to estimates from the CDC.
A model was prepared by the National HIV Surveillance System to determine the number of new annual HIV infections. Further, the report was prepared to determine the number of new annual HIV infections till now. The agency estimated 2.2 million new HIV infections during the decade-long study period, with about 1.2 million Americans living with HIV infection in 2019.
The reports claims, “HIV incidence decreased by 73% from the highest annual number of infections (130,400 in 1984 and 1985) to 34,800 in 2019.” In 1981, the studies show that annual HIV incidence increased from about 20,000 infections. Also, on the other hand, from 1984 to 1985, the rates were high of some 130,400 infections. However, from 1991 to 2007 before leveling off with up to 58,000 infections. Further, in 2019, the cases of HIV infection dropped to about 34,800.
The CDC reports reads, “Despite the lack of a cure or a vaccine, today’s HIV prevention tools, including HIV testing, prompt and sustained treatment, pre-exposure prophylaxis, and comprehensive syringe service programs, provide an opportunity to substantially decrease new HIV infections. Intensifying efforts to implement these strategies equitably could accelerate declines in HIV transmission, morbidity, and mortality and reduce disparities.”
In 2019, the number of infections comprised of black people was about 41 percent. But, it comprised just 12 percent of the population. Also, the Hispanic and Latino ones made up 29 percent of infections, and represent 17 percent of the population.
Additional increases were seen among females in 1981 was about 8 percent. However, this rate of HIV infections hiked to 18 percent in 2019. Also, the CDC clarified that the Human Immunodeficiency Virus epidemic will not end until health disparities and systemic barriers are addressed.