Many menstrual problems are common. These include irregular or painful periods and premenstrual syndrome. The symptoms can be reduced by effective management and treatment, and quality of life can be improved.
The common menstrual problems –
Irregular or absent period – A menstrual cycle that lasts longer than 35 days is considered a rough period. If periods are not there for three months in a row, it is called an absent period. Some irregularity is common during puberty, after childbirth, and during perimenopause. Other factors that may cause irregularity include hormonal birth control, endurance training, some medicines, emotional stress, extreme weight gain or loss, eating disorders, hyperthyroidism, uncontrolled diabetics, pelvic inflammatory disease, polycystic ovary syndrome, high levels of the hormone prolactin.
Painful Periods: Many women with periods experience some degree of dysmenorrhea or cramping. Mild-to-moderate cramps are usually not a cause for concern, but they can still be disruptive. Severe cramps can be debilitating. Home management techniques and pain medication can often ease the symptoms, but severe dysmenorrhea may not respond to these approaches. Mild or moderate cramps usually respond to OTC pain medication.
Heavy Periods – It involves a flow of period blood that lasts longer than eight days. Or it consists of a flow that requires a new pad every 1–2 hours or more often. Heavy periods that occur occasionally do not usually mean any health issue. But if the heavy periods are persistent, then it can indicate a health problem. Some conditions that may cause this include obesity, uterine polyps and fibroids, pelvic inflammatory disease, hypothyroidism, bleeding disorders, and kidney or liver disease. Heavy periods can also be caused by Copper IDUs and blood-thinning medications as a side effect. Anemia can be caused by severe bleeding during periods.
PMS – Around 90% of the women who menstruate report experiencing PMS. This is a combination of emotional and physical symptoms that can be seen before periods. As soon as periods start, they usually go away. The symptoms include swollen or sore breasts, bloating or gas, diarrhea or constipation, mood swings, headaches, back pain, tiredness, difficulty concentrating or sleeping. The exact cause of this is unknown, but it may result from hormone fluctuations.
Treating of periods problem –
A number of treatment options are available for periods problem. It includes nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, a hormonal IUD or implant, oral contraceptives, cyclic progestin, tranexamic acid. If a doctor finds that another health condition is causing the menstrual problems, they will recommend having medication or having a surgical procedure. Women require mental and physical health support when period irregularity or absence is caused by eating disorders or weight loss. At home, women can take many steps to ease or prevent symptoms of period problems like stopping smoking, using heating pads, hot water bottles, or warm baths to relieve pain, trying gentle forms of exercise, managing stress, getting enough sleep each night.
Having regular periods means that the reproductive system is functioning normally. The doctor should investigate the possible causes and provide treatment if menstruation comes with severe pain, heavy bleeding, or mood changes. There are ways to manage the symptoms and reduce the impact, even mild or moderate.